Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 48

Lesson 48 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

免午妹黄一〇二十七八九儿人三女士千万亿么个上下子口马也工大小卫五六月日王认不中文见友今天父太什木牙艺夫水手四生号汉对白用他它们母古叫兰民包术发司好吗问先老师百年兴会她早再妈忙名字刚军守农向导机杂你医两我李张识没听位弟男技来身体作员姓英明的爸姐朋呢和陈周林波京学者画货贵星很说语怎点是律孩亲胡面请高起能爱哥海留险家您晚都清做职探理商期谢博零慢

This is step 3 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their strokes number. Please, review all grammar points as explained in the Sentence Structure tables below.

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
miǎn
Meaning Help
Should not, not be allowed
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Noon, midday
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
mèi
Meaning Help
Younger sister
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
huáng
Meaning Help
-Huang, a surname (the n.7 most common Chinese surname)
-Yellow; pornographic (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help


ATTENTION: When alone, before or at the end of a word or a sentence, it is pronounced in the first tone. When it precedes a syllable of the first, second or third tone, it is pronounced in the fourth tone. It is pronounced in the second tone when it is followed by a fourth tone.
Meaning Help
One
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
líng
Meaning Help
Zero (mostly used in numbers)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
èr
Meaning Help
Two
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shí
Meaning Help
Ten
Character Help
Pronunciation Help


ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, as a non-compulsory alternative it can be pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
Seven
Character Help
Pronunciation Help


ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, as a non-compulsory alternative it can be pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
Eight
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiǔ
Meaning Help
Nine
Character Help
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-r
Meaning Help
Nonsyllabic final "r" added to a word in spoken Chinese, also called erhua or erization
Pronunciation Help
ér
Meaning Help
Child, son
Character Help
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rén
Meaning Help
Person
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
sān
Meaning Help
Three
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Woman
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 女士 ("Ms, Miss")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
-Soldier; a person trained in a certain field
-In this lesson it's the second character of the word 女士 ("Ms, Miss")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
qiān
Meaning Help
Thousand
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
wàn
Meaning Help
Ten thousand
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Hundred million
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
me
Meaning Help
[affix] Suffix used in interrogatives, pronouns and adverbs
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Measure word used before nouns which do not have special measure words of their own (some nouns can be preceded by either it or other special measure words)
Character Help
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shàng
Meaning Help
Upper, up, upward (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
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xià
Meaning Help
Down (in this lesson, is not used with this meaning)
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Meaning Help
Son
Character Help
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kǒu
Meaning Help
Mouth
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Meaning Help
-Horse
-A surname
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Meaning Help
Also
Character Help
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gōng
Meaning Help
Work
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Meaning Help
Big
Character Help
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xiǎo
Meaning Help
Small, little
Character Help
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wèi
Meaning Help
Defend
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Five
Character Help
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liù
Meaning Help
Six
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yuè
Meaning Help
-Month
-Moon
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Day
-Sun
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
wáng
Meaning Help
-Wang, a surname (actually the n.1 most common Chinese surname!)
-King, monarch, emperor (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
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rèn
Meaning Help
Recognize, know
Character Help
Pronunciation Help


ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, it is pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
Used to form a negative
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zhōng
Meaning Help
Centre, middle; in, among
Character Help
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wén
Meaning Help
Writing; culture
Character Help
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jiàn
Meaning Help
See
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yǒu
Meaning Help
Friend
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jīn
Meaning Help
Now, today
Character Help
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tiān
Meaning Help
Day
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Father
Character Help
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tài
Meaning Help
Too; extremely; very
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shén
Meaning Help
First character of the word 什么 ("what"). Taken alone, it doesn't have any meaning.
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Meaning Help
Tree; wood, timber
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Meaning Help
Tooth
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Meaning Help
Art
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Meaning Help
A person engaged in manual labour
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shuǐ
Meaning Help
Water; a general term for rivers, lakes, seas, etc.
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shǒu
Meaning Help
Hand; a person doing or good at a certain job
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Meaning Help
Four
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shēng
Meaning Help
-Used as a suffix to a few nouns indicating categories of people
-In this lesson it's the second character of the words 先生 ("Mister") and 医生 ("Physician")
Character Help
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hào
Meaning Help
Number; date
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hàn
Meaning Help
Han ethnic group; Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)
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duì
Meaning Help
[adjective] Correct, right (anyway, in this lesson it's just the first character of the word 对不起)
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bái
Meaning Help
[adjective] Clear; white
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yòng
Meaning Help
Use, employ
Character Help
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Meaning Help
He, him
Character Help
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Meaning Help
It
Character Help
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men
Meaning Help
Used to show plural number:
1. after a personal pronoun;
2. after a noun that refers to people
ATTENTION: It's not used when the noun is preceded by a numeral or an intensifier
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Mother
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Ancient, paleo-, archeo-
Character Help
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jiào
Meaning Help
Call, name
Character Help
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lán
Meaning Help
Orchid
Character Help
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mín
Meaning Help
The people
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bāo
Meaning Help
Package, bag
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shù
Meaning Help
Art
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Meaning Help
Hair
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Attend to, take charge of, manage
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hǎo
Meaning Help
Good, fine
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ma
Meaning Help
Used at the end of a declarative sentence to transform it into a question
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wèn
Meaning Help
Ask, inquire
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xiān
Meaning Help
-Earlier, before, first, in advance
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 先生 ("Mister")
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lǎo
Meaning Help
-Old
-Used as prefix:
1. addressing people to indicate respect;
2. indicating seniority level among brothers and sisters
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
Character Help
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shī
Meaning Help
-Teacher; example; a person skilled in a certain profession
-In this lesson it's the second character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
Character Help
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bǎi
Meaning Help
Hundred
Character Help
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nián
Meaning Help
Year
Character Help
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xìng
Meaning Help
Excitement
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huì
Meaning Help
[verb] Be able to (after learning)
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Meaning Help
She, her
Character Help
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zǎo
Meaning Help
-[greeting] Good morning (until 8-9 a.m.)
-[adjective] Early, in advance, beforehand
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zài
Meaning Help
Again
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Mum, mother
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máng
Meaning Help
[adjective] Busy
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míng
Meaning Help
Name; famous
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Meaning Help
Character, word
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gāng
Meaning Help
Hard, strong
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jūn
Meaning Help
Armed forces
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shǒu
Meaning Help
Guard, defend
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nóng
Meaning Help
Agriculture; farmer
Character Help
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xiàng
Meaning Help
Direction
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
dǎo
Meaning Help
Guide
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Machine, engine
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Miscellaneous, sundry
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Meaning Help
You
(singular)
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-[noun] Medicine; physician
-[verb] Cure
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 医生 ("Physician")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
liǎng
Meaning Help
Two.
is generally used before measure words.
Don't use .
Character Help
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Meaning Help
I; me
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Li, a surname (the n.2 most common Chinese surname)
-Plum; plum tree (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
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zhāng
Meaning Help
-Zhang, a surname (the n.3 most common Chinese surname)
-Open; magnify; measure word for flat objects, sheet (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
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shí
Meaning Help
Know; knowledge
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Pronunciation Help
méi
Meaning Help
[adverb] Used to indicate that an action or a situation did not take place or has not taken place
Character Help
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tīng
Meaning Help
[verb] Listen
Character Help
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wèi
Meaning Help
Measure word for people, indicating respect
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Younger brother
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nán
Meaning Help
Man, male
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Meaning Help
Skill, technique
Character Help
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lái
Meaning Help
Come
Character Help
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shēn
Meaning Help
Body
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Meaning Help
Body, part of the body
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zuò
Meaning Help
Do, make; write, compose; writings, work
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yuán
Meaning Help
A person engaged in some field of activity
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xìng
Meaning Help
Surname (noun); one's surname is (verb)
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yīng
Meaning Help
Britain; English
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míng
Meaning Help
-[noun] Immediately following in time
-[adjective] Clear, distinct
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de
Meaning Help
[particle] Used between a modifier and a noun
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Meaning Help
Dad, father
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jiě
Meaning Help
Elder sister
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péng
Meaning Help
Friend
Character Help
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ne
Meaning Help
Used at the end of an interrogative sentence to ask a question in connection with the preceding topic
Character Help
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Meaning Help
And, together with
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chén
Meaning Help
-Chen, a surname (the n.5 most common Chinese surname)
-Lay out, put on display; stale, old (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhōu
Meaning Help
-Zhou, a surname (the n.10 most common Chinese surname)
-Week
Character Help
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lín
Meaning Help
-Forest, woods, grove
-Lin, a surname
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Meaning Help
Wave
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jīng
Meaning Help
The capital of a country
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xué
Meaning Help
Study
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhě
Meaning Help
Used after an adjective or verb as a substitute for a person or a thing
Character Help
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huà
Meaning Help
Paint, draw
Character Help
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huò
Meaning Help
Goods, commodity
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
guì
Meaning Help
-Expensive, costly; precious; honourable
-Your (term of respect used in polite expressions)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xīng
Meaning Help
Star
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hěn
Meaning Help
Very
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shuō
Meaning Help
Speak, say
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Language
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zěn
Meaning Help
How, why
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
diǎnr
Meaning Help
[measure word] Indicates a tiny amount, a little, a bit, some
Pronunciation Help
diǎn
Meaning Help
Place, point (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
-[verb] To be
-This verb ties two things, indicating that they are identical or that the second explains or states the case of the first
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Law
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hái
Meaning Help
Child
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
qīn
Meaning Help
Parent
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Moustache, beard
-Hu, a surname
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
miàn
Meaning Help
Wheat flour
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
qǐng
Meaning Help
Please
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
gāo
Meaning Help
Tall, high; of a high level or degree
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
In this lesson it's just the third character of the word 对不起
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
néng
Meaning Help
Can
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ài
Meaning Help
To love
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Elder brother
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hǎi
Meaning Help
Sea, big lake
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
liú
Meaning Help
Study abroad
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xiǎn
Meaning Help
A place difficult of access; danger
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiā
Meaning Help
Family; home; a person or family engaged in a certain trade; a specialist in a certain field
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
nín
Meaning Help
You (indicating respect)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
wǎn
Meaning Help
-Evening (after sunset)
-Late; coming late
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
dōu
Meaning Help
All
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
qīng
Meaning Help
Clear, distinct
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zuò
Meaning Help
Do, work at; make, manufacture, produce
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhí
Meaning Help
Office, post, position
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
tàn
Meaning Help
Explore
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Put in proper order, clean up, tidy up
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shāng
Meaning Help
Merchant; commerce
Character Help
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Meaning Help
A period of time
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Pronunciation Help
xiè
Meaning Help
Thank
Character Help
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Meaning Help
Abundant; have a wide knowledge of
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
líng
Meaning Help
Zero
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
màn
Meaning Help
Slow

Description and Examples

Sentence Structure 1
The TTT Rule
Lesson 8

The TimeTimeTime rule can be applied to the way dates are shown in Chinese:

The word showing a longer period of time comes first.


Sentence Structure 2
The Complement of Result—Part 1
Lesson 12

The complement of result has the following structure:

Action (verb) + Result (verb or adjective)

This structure is used to show the result of the action expressed by a verb.

Example

明白

:
action (the action of listening)
明白:
result (understanding)

As we will see, both verbs and adjectives can be used to show the result of an action.

Negative Form

The negative form of the complement of result is formed by putting the negative adverb before the verb indicating the action, indicating that the expected result was not achieved.

Example

明白

The verb indicating the action and the verb/adjective showing the result are closely linked together and no element can be put between them, included.

The following is wrong

* 明白


Sentence Structure 3
Verbal Predicate Sentence
Lesson 16

A sentence with a verb as the main element of its predicate is called a verbal predicate sentence. If the verb takes an object, the object usually follows the verb.

Subject
Verb
Object
医生
Subject
老师
Verb
Object

Sentence Structure 4
The Declarative “是” Sentence—Part 1
Lesson 17

The "" sentence is a sentence with its predicate composed by the verb together with its object. Its declarative basic form is "AB".

Example

医生


Sentence Structure 5
The Negative “是” Sentence
Lesson 17

The negative form of the "" sentence is formed by putting the negative adverb before .

Example

你们医生


Sentence Structure 6
The Declarative “是” Sentence—Part 2
Lesson 17

The verb ties two things, indicating that they are identical or that the second explains or states the case of the first.

Both forms "AB" and "BA" are correct, but their meanings are slightly different. Examples:

Example

先生
The point here is which name I have.

先生
Here the point is who has that name.


Sentence Structure 7
“是” For Emphasis
Lesson 17

, stressed, may be used as an adverb to indicate certainty. For example, in a verbal predicate sentence it may be put before the verb.

Example


meaning: I really love her.


Sentence Structure 8
Surnames
Lesson 17

is also a Chinese surname, even if not at all common. Surnames must be put before titles. So let's say we find a teacher whose surname is . We would call her 老师 (that is SURNAME + TITLE) and would cacophonically say "老师".


Sentence Structure 9
Modifier+的+Noun
Lesson 18

A modifier (i.e. any word, phrase, or clause, except conjunctions, grammatical particles, interjections, and exclamations) is used in this structure to qualify or modify a noun (headword). is placed between modifier and headword.

MODIFIER + + HEADWORD

To make learning easier, the examples will be divided as follows:

  • Pronoun+的+Noun
  • Noun+的+Noun
  • Substantive+的+Noun
  • Time word+的+Noun
  • Place+的+Noun
  • Verb+的+Noun
  • Adjective+的+Noun
  • Adverb+的+Noun
  • Prepositional phrase+的+Noun
  • Onomatopoeia+的+Noun
  • Phrase+的+Noun

IMPORTANT: remember that the noun (headword) is always placed AFTER .


Sentence Structure 10
Pronoun+的+Noun
Lesson 18

This structure is used to indicate a relationship of belonging, possession, etc.

Let's take the phrase "my teacher" as example. Since "my" is the possessive genitive of "I", we would literally say "I teacher".

"My teacher" is literally: I teacher

that is:

老师

:
modifier
老师:
headword

Pronouns used as modifiers:

Chinese
English
my
Chinese
English
your (singular)
Chinese
English
his
Chinese
English
her
Chinese
English
its
Chinese
我们
English
our
Chinese
你们
English
your (plural)
Chinese
他们
English
their (of males, or males and females)
Chinese
她们
English
their (of females)
Chinese
它们
English
their (of animals or things)

Sentence Structure 11
In​flec​tion in Chinese?
Lesson 18

The concept of in​flec​tion, that is the change of form that nouns, verbs and adjectives undergo in English to mark such distinctions as those number, tense, or person is foreign to Chinese language, so that the phrase 老师 might be translated both as "my teacher" and "my teachers".

So the good news is that all English rules about inflection can just be ignored!


Sentence Structure 12
Noun+的+Noun
Lesson 18

This structure is used to indicate a relationship of belonging, possession, etc.

Examples of proper names or titles used as modifiers:

Chinese
Mary
Italian
Mary's
Chinese
老师
Italian
teacher's
Chinese
医生
Italian
doctor's

Examples

Mary 爱人
Antony 爱人
Antony 女人
老师爱人
老师女人
老师医生
医生老师


Sentence Structure 13
Modifier Without 的
Lesson 20

When a personal pronoun is used as a modifier and the headword is a word for relatives, parts of the body or units or collectives to which the pronoun belongs, the structural particle may be omitted.

Examples

Both are correct:

妈妈
妈妈


Sentence Structure 14
Adjectival Predicate Sentence
Lesson 23

The adjectival predicate sentence is a sentence with an adjective as the main element of its predicate. This type of sentence describes the state which a person or thing is in. No is used to join the predicate with the subject. In an affirmative sentence the adjectival predicate is usually preceded by , which is a weakened adverb here without much significance of an adverb of degree.

Examples


老师

Without , comparison or contrast is often implied.

Example

老师

However, in answering an alternative question, may be left out.

Example

A:
医生
B:
医生

is used before the predicate for negation.

Example

A:
医生
B:
医生

Sentence Structure 15
Adverb “也”
Lesson 24

The adverb must be placed after the subject and before the predicate.

Example

老师


Sentence Structure 16
The Elliptical Question With “呢”
Lesson 24

Elliptical questions may be formed by adding the modal particle to a noun, pronoun or nominal construction. The meaning of this kind of question is determined by the context.

Example

医生

meaning: "What about you? What's your profession?"

If asked without any context, it concerns the whereabouts of somebody or something. For example, if you meet Mary and just ask her "Lucy", it would mean "Where is Lucy?"


Sentence Structure 17
Adverb “都”
Lesson 24

The adverb must be placed after the subject and before the predicate verb or adjective. As a rule, it indicates all of the persons or things referred to by the preceding noun (phrase).

Examples

correct: 他们认识
wrong: *认识他们


Sentence Structure 18
Adverbs “也” And “都” Used Together
Lesson 24

When both the adverbs and are used to modify the same predicate, comes before .

Example

她们医生


Sentence Structure 19
The Conjunction “和”
Lesson 25

The conjunction is generally used to connect only nouns or pronouns. Don't use it to connect phrases.

Example


Sentence Structure 20
The Subject-Predicate Construction—Part 1
Used as the Predicate of a Sentence
Lesson 29

A subject-predicate construction can be used as the subject, the object or the predicate of a sentence. Here we pay special attention to its use as the predicate of a sentence.

When a sentence has a subject-predicate construction as its predicate, the person or thing denoted by the subject of this subject-predicate construction is often related to the subject of the whole sentence.

Example

身体

:
Subject of the sentence
身体:
Subject-predicate construction (used as the predicate of the sentence)
身体:
Subject of the subject-predicate construction
:
Predicate of the subject-predicate construction

Sentence Structure 21
Adverbial Adjuncts
Lesson 30

An adverbial adjunct is used to modify a verb or an adjective. Adverbs, adjectives, time words and prepositional constructions can all be used as an adverbial adjunct. They usually precede the part which is being modified.

Examples of adverbs used as an adverbial adjunct

他们

他们:
Subject
:
Adverbial adjunct
:
Verb

:
Subject
:
Adverbial adjunct
:
Adjective

Example of time word used as an adverbial adjunct

他们今天

他们:
Subject
今天:
Adverbial adjunct
:
Verb

Sentence Structure 22
Time Words used as adverbial adjuncts
Lesson 30

Time words are nouns or numeral-measure compounds indicating time.

They may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, modifiers, headwords in a "" structure, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as adverbial adjuncts.

When used as an adverbial adjunct, time words generally come before the main element of the predicate.

Example

他们今天

Anyway, when special emphasis is laid on the time words, they may be shifted before the subject to the beginning of the sentence.

Example

今天他们
(emphasis on 今天)


Sentence Structure 23
Nominal Predicate Sentence—Part 1
Lesson 30

The sentence with a nominal predicate is a sentence in which the main element of the predicate is a noun, a nominal construction or a compound consisting of a numeral and a measure word.

In the affirmative sentence, is not used ( is used in the sentence with a verbal predicate).

This type of sentence is mainly used to show time, age, one's birthplace, and quantity.

Example

今年2001

今年:
Subject
2001:
Nominal Predicate

Sentence Structure 24
Time Words used as subjects
Lesson 30

Time words may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, modifiers, headwords in a "" structure, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as subjects.

Example

今天三月

今天:
Subject

Sentence Structure 25
Time Words used as predicates
Lesson 30

Here we pay special attention to the use of time words as predicates.

Example

今天三月

三月:
Nominal Predicate

Sentence Structure 26
Time Words used as modifiers
Lesson 30

Time words may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, modifiers, headwords in a "" structure, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as modifiers.

Example

明年今天

明年:
modifier

Sentence Structure 27
Time Words used as headwords in a "的" structure
Lesson 30

Time words may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, modifiers, headwords in a "" structure, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as headwords in a "" structure.

Example

明年今天

今天:
headword

Sentence Structure 28
Nominal Predicate Sentence—Part 2
Lesson 30

The negative form of a nominal predicate sentence is made by using between the subject and the predicate, resulting in a sentence with a verbal predicate at the same time.

Examples

十二月星期五
今天


Sentence Structure 29
Time Words used as objects
Lesson 30

Time words may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, modifiers, headwords in a "" structure, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as objects.

Example

今天星期天

星期天:
object

Sentence Structure 30
Numeral-Measure Compounds acting as modifiers
Lesson 34

In modern Chinese, numerals are generally not used to modify nouns directly. One needs to put specific measure words between them.

Examples


技师
律师


Sentence Structure 31
Measure Words Omission—Part 1
Lesson 34

Under certain circumstances, the measure word between a numeral and a noun is often omitted. Here we pay special attention to one specific situation.

When the numeral is a big number and the noun refers to people, then the measure word can be (and usually is) omitted.

Examples

朋友
医生
亿


Sentence Structure 32
Interrogative Word “什么”
Lesson 35

An interrogative word may be used to raise a question and it is placed where the answer is expected. Therefore, the word order of the answer is the same as that of the question, with the interrogative word being replaced by the corresponding answer. Here we pay special attention to the interrogative word 什么.

  1. 什么, when used alone as interrogative word, refers to things.

    Example

    Question: 什么

    Answer:

    Please note that the word order is the same in both answer and question. The interrogative word 什么 is in the same position of the part being questioned (that is the surname ).

  2. 什么, when used as an interrogative word before nouns, refers to things or persons.

    Examples

    什么? (What sort of person is he?)
    什么工作? (Which job?)


Sentence Structure 33
The Sentence with Verbal Constructions in Series—Part 1
Lesson 43

If a sentence with a verbal predicate is composed of two (or more) verbs or verbal phrases which share the same subject, it is known as the sentence with verbal constructions in series.

Example

面包

:
Subject
:
First Verbal Phrase
面包:
Second Verbal Phrase

Sentence Structure 34
The Sentence with Verbal Constructions in Series—Part 2
Indicating the purpose of an action
Lesson 43

In this kind of sentence with verbal constructions in series, the second verb (or verbal phrase) tells the purpose of the action indicated by the first verb (or verbal phrase).

Example

面包

:
Subject
:
Action
面包:
Purpose of the action


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