Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 5
Today's Chinese characters:
Today with the four words of this lesson we are going to add one more layer of politeness to the way we address people in Chinese.
Chinese words are often composed of two or more characters. Today's four words are all composed of two characters.
Important: multi-characters Chinese words are fixed combinations of characters and have a definite meaning that can be very different from the meanings of the single characters.
|Character Knowledge Meter|
|-||Earlier, before, first, in advance|
|-||In this lesson it's the first character of the word 先生|
|-||Used as a suffix to a few nouns indicating categories of people|
|-||In this lesson it's the second character of the words 先生|
details ("Mister") and 医生
|-||In this lesson it's the first character of the word 女士|
details ("Ms, Miss")
|-||Soldier; a person trained in a certain field|
|-||In this lesson it's the second character of the word 女士|
details ("Ms, Miss")
|-||Used as prefix:|
1. addressing people to indicate respect;
2. indicating seniority level among brothers and sisters
|-||In this lesson it's the first character of the word 老师|
|-||Teacher; example; a person skilled in a certain profession|
|-||In this lesson it's the second character of the word 老师|
|-||[noun] Medicine; physician|
|-||In this lesson it's the first character of the word 医生|
Description and Examples
|-||Mister (Mr.), gentleman, sir|
How to greet someone—Part 1
You already know the simplest way to greet someone:
And, with a simple variation, you can also say:
But there are a lot of different ways to greet people.
Today we can learn another one. We just need to replace the pronoun with the proper titles. For example, we could greet a woman the following way:
And if she is a teacher or a physician, we could say:
On the other hand, if we want to greet a man, we could say:
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