Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 5

Lesson 5 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

先生女士老师医生

Today with the four words of this lesson we are going to add one more layer of politeness to the way we address people in Chinese.

Chinese words are often composed of two or more characters. Today's four words are all composed of two characters.

Important: multi-characters Chinese words are fixed combinations of characters and have a definite meaning that can be very different from the meanings of the single characters.

Character Knowledge Meter
5.68%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 5.68% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xiān
Meaning Help
-Earlier, before, first, in advance
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 先生 ("Mister")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shēng
Meaning Help
-Used as a suffix to a few nouns indicating categories of people
-In this lesson it's the second character of the words 先生 ("Mister") and 医生 ("Physician")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
-Woman
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 女士 ("Ms, Miss")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
-Soldier; a person trained in a certain field
-In this lesson it's the second character of the word 女士 ("Ms, Miss")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
lǎo
Meaning Help
-Old
-Used as prefix:
1. addressing people to indicate respect;
2. indicating seniority level among brothers and sisters
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shī
Meaning Help
-Teacher; example; a person skilled in a certain profession
-In this lesson it's the second character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
-[noun] Medicine; physician
-[verb] Cure
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 医生 ("Physician")

Description and Examples

Word
Pronunciation Help
xiān   sheng   
Meaning Help
-Mister (Mr.), gentleman, sir
-Teacher
-Doctor
Word
Pronunciation Help
   shì   
Meaning Help
Respectful form of address for a woman; lady, madam, Miss, Ms
Word
Pronunciation Help
lǎo   shī   
Meaning Help
Teacher, schoolmaster
Word
Pronunciation Help
   shēng   
Meaning Help
Doctor, physician


How to greet someone—Part 1

你好!

You already know the simplest way to greet someone:

And, with a simple variation, you can also say:

But there are a lot of different ways to greet people.

先生好!

Today we can learn another one. We just need to replace the pronoun with the proper titles. For example, we could greet a woman the following way:

女士

And if she is a teacher or a physician, we could say:

老师
医生

On the other hand, if we want to greet a man, we could say:

先生



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Lesson 5 of 360

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Biaoyu Business Consulting Services LTD
Shanghai, China
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