Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 11

Lesson 11 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

不会说中文英汉语

Let's face the facts:

  • At this point, you still don't speak Chinese.
  • After your , , and 高兴认识 are said (even if that is a very good start), you are completely lost.
  • Unless you don't want to start to count in Chinese...

Today with this lesson you start to learn a way to interact with your Chinese friends even if your knowledge of Chinese language is very, very limited. You may want to consider the sentences that you are going to learn as your "survival kit" :-)

First Chinese sentence to put into your "survival kit": 024,,英文?(Do you speak English?)

Character Knowledge Meter
13.0%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 13.0% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

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ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, it is pronounced in the second tone.
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Used to form a negative
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huì
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[verb] Be able to (after learning)
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shuō
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Speak, say
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zhōng
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Centre, middle; in, among
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wén
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Writing; culture
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yīng
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Britain; English
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hàn
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Han ethnic group; Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)
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Language

Description and Examples

Word
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zhōng   ­wén   ­
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Chinese (language)
Word
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hàn   ­   ­
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Chinese (language)
Word
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yīng   ­wén   ­
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English (language)
Word
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yīng   ­   ­
Meaning Help
English (language)


The meaning of: —Part 1

is used to form the negative of verbs, adjectives or other Chinese adverbial words. Its place is just before them.

Change of tone: normally is pronounced in the fourth tone, but when it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, it is pronounced in the second tone.

For example, before it is pronounced in the fourth tone, but before the tone must be changed into second.


Attention: this rule about the change of the tone is limited to the character .


Dialogue 4

A:
先生英文
B:
A:
女士英语
B:
中文
A:

How to ask questions—Part 1
With “吗”

As we have seen in the case of “?”, an interrogative sentence is formed by adding the modal particle at the end of a declarative sentence, either affirmative or negative.

Example 1

Affirmative declarative sentence:
汉语

Interrogative sentence:
汉语

Example 2

Negative declarative sentence:
汉语

Interrogative sentence:
汉语

This is the most frequently used way of asking a question.


How to ask questions—Part 2
With “AA”

The affirmative-negative question, or alternative question (often referred as AA question), is formed by juxtaposing the verb or adjective of the predicate and its negative form.

Examples

老师英语
老师


How to answer: Yes or No

The most common way of simply and politely answering yes in Chinese is by repeating the main element (verb or adjective) of the question's predicate, or its negative form if you want to answer no.

Example

question: 中文

answer 1: 。 (meaning: Yes, I do)
answer 2: 。 (meaning: No, I don't)


A Joke

A:
!
B:
!

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Lesson 11 of 360

Thank you!

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