Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 35

Lesson 35 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

什么

Today we introduce the first "interrogative word". You're going to learn another way of asking questions.

Character Knowledge Meter
32.7%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 32.7% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shén
Meaning Help
First character of the word 什么 ("what"). Taken alone, it doesn't have any meaning.
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
me
Meaning Help
[affix] Suffix used in interrogatives, pronouns and adverbs

Description and Examples

Word
Pronunciation Help
shén   me   
Meaning Help
-What (used to indicate interrogation)
-Used to indicate something indefinite
-Used before or to indicate the absence of exceptions within the stated scope)
-In a phrase or sentence with one 什么 preceding another, the first 什么 always determines the meaning of the second 什么
-(Used to indicate surprise or displeasure)
-Used to indicate reproach
-(Used after a verb to indicate disapproval)
-(Used before parallel words or phrases to indicate enumeration
Word
Pronunciation Help
shén   me   de   
Meaning Help
And so on, and what not


Dialogue 34

A:
什么
B:
A:
什么
B:
A:
工人
B:
工人医生

Sentence Structure 32
Interrogative Word “什么”

An interrogative word may be used to raise a question and it is placed where the answer is expected. Therefore, the word order of the answer is the same as that of the question, with the interrogative word being replaced by the corresponding answer. Here we pay special attention to the interrogative word 什么.

  1. 什么, when used alone as interrogative word, refers to things.

    Example

    Question: 什么

    Answer:

    Please note that the word order is the same in both answer and question. The interrogative word 什么 is in the same position of the part being questioned (that is the surname ).

  2. 什么, when used as an interrogative word before nouns, refers to things or persons.

    Examples

    什么? (What sort of person is he?)
    什么工作? (Which job?)


The meaning of: 他姓什么?

It is used for asking another person's name. One shouldn't say: "?"



That's all for today. I wish you like my website and go on clicking and clicking on its other sections! However, if you need personalized lessons and want to make your pronunciation perfect click here.

IMPORTANT: About the ads in this page, if you see something inappropriate please tell me immediately (even anonymously) clicking here.


Lesson 35 of 360

Thank you!

WearYourChineseName.com - By Giuseppe Romanazzi
Biaoyu Business Consulting Services LTD
Shanghai, China
Copyright © 2001-2021 All Rights Reserved
wearyourchinesename.com Home Page
| About Us | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Italiano English |


Chinese Lessons on WhatsApp?

Learn Chinese Online

WhatsApp:
Email:
Your online teacher