Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 34

Lesson 34 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

陈黄周

Today, a few more very common surnames. Do you have any friend with one of these surnames? With one of them you will also learn a simple alternative for the days of the week.

Character Knowledge Meter
32.3%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 32.3% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chén
Meaning Help
-Chen, a surname (the n.5 most common Chinese surname)
-Lay out, put on display; stale, old (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
huáng
Meaning Help
-Huang, a surname (the n.7 most common Chinese surname)
-Yellow; pornographic (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhōu
Meaning Help
-Zhou, a surname (the n.10 most common Chinese surname)
-Week

Description and Examples

Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu      
Meaning Help
Monday
Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu   èr   
Meaning Help
Tuesday
Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu   sān   
Meaning Help
Wednesday
Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu      
Meaning Help
Thursday
Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu      
Meaning Help
Friday
Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu   liù   
Meaning Help
Saturday
Word
Pronunciation Help
zhōu      
Meaning Help
Sunday


Dialogue 32

A:
老师
B:
A:
他们老师
B:
A:

Did you notice the phrase ""?

As you can see, between the number , and the noun there's no measure word! Why?

Sentence Structure 30
Numeral-Measure Compounds acting as modifiers

In modern Chinese, numerals are generally not used to modify nouns directly. One needs to put specific measure words between them.

Examples


技师
律师


Sentence Structure 31
Measure Words Omission—Part 1

Under certain circumstances, the measure word between a numeral and a noun is often omitted. Here we pay special attention to one specific situation.

When the numeral is a big number and the noun refers to people, then the measure word can be (and usually is) omitted.

Examples

朋友
医生
亿


Dialogue 33

A:
认识老师他们老师老师老师老师老师
B:
认识老师老师老师老师


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Lesson 34 of 360

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