Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 16

Lesson 16 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

我爱他她它们

In this lesson you'll learn your first Chinese verb: to love. We'll use it to show how Chinese pronouns can be used as both subject and object.

And you will be glad to know that the three pronouns of the third person have exactly the same pronunciation. Good for you! There's only one sound to be remembered.

Character Knowledge Meter
20.8%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 20.8% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ài
Meaning Help
To love
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
He, him
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
She, her
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
It
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
men
Meaning Help
Used to show plural number:
1. after a personal pronoun;
2. after a noun that refers to people
ATTENTION: It's not used when the noun is preceded by a numeral or an intensifier

Description and Examples

Word
Pronunciation Help
   ­men   ­
Meaning Help
We, us
Word
Pronunciation Help
   ­men   ­
Meaning Help
You (plural)
Word
Pronunciation Help
   ­men   ­
Meaning Help
They, them (men or men and women)
Word
Pronunciation Help
   ­men   ­
Meaning Help
They, them (women)
Word
Pronunciation Help
   ­men   ­
Meaning Help
They, them (things)


Chinese pronouns can all be used as both subject and object. For example:


Sentence Structure 3
Verbal Predicate Sentence

A sentence with a verb as the main element of its predicate is called a verbal predicate sentence. If the verb takes an object, the object usually follows the verb.

Subject
Verb
Object
医生
Subject
老师
Verb
Object

, , and are the masculine, feminine, and neuter pronouns of the third person singular.

Yesterday we introduced our object: learn how to write the sentence "She's my teacher."

Well, we can add two bricks to our sentence "under construction" - and soon will discover which new Chinese characters should replace those frustrating question marks!

? ? 老师

What's that 。 at the end of the sentence? Simply said, it's the Chinese full stop!

About , it is used only after a personal pronoun or a noun that refers to people. Anyway, don't use it if the plural number is clearly stated.

Examples

This is correct: 老师 Teachers love me

This is WRONG: 老师

This is correct: 老师 Three teachers love me

How to say: The two of you

你们


How to say: How are you?—Part 2

Read again Part 1

When you address two or more people, you should say: "你们?"

你们



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Lesson 16 of 360

Thank you!

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