Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 31
Today's Chinese characters:
The other Chinese characters contained in this lesson have already been studied previously. You can just click on them and go back to the corresponding lesson.
details is the colloquial word for 'mother' (mummy, mum, ma). Today you're going to learn how to address her, and your father, in a more formal way.
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Description and Examples
Welcome back our dear number one most frequently used Chinese character!
Let's see how it's used in today's dialogue.
First of all, a little review:
A modifier qualifies or modifies a noun and the modified noun is called headword or central word. Sometimes, the structural particle 的
sometimes: MODIFIER + NOUN
at other times: MODIFIER + 的
When a personal pronoun is used as modifier and the headword is a word for relatives, parts of the body or units or collectives to which the pronoun belongs, the structural particle 的
In our sentence, 的
details is omitted when it's said "你们
details", because we have here a personal pronoun used as modifier and the headword is a word for relatives.
As you can see below, however, when this pronoun-headword construction itself is used as modifier, 的
details cannot be omitted.
In English we'd say "the friend of your son" or "your son's friend".
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