Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 23

Lesson 23 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

很忙

Sentences without verbs are very common in Chinese. The adjectival predicate sentence is one of them.

Character Knowledge Meter
28.9%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 28.9% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
máng
Meaning Help
[adjective] Busy

Description and Examples

How many verbs do these conversations contain?

Dialogue 10

A:
B:
A:
B:
A:

Dialogue 11

A:
老师
B:
A:
B:

Sentence Structure 14
Adjectival Predicate Sentence

The adjectival predicate sentence is a sentence with an adjective as the main element of its predicate. This type of sentence describes the state which a person or thing is in. No is used to join the predicate with the subject. In an affirmative sentence the adjectival predicate is usually preceded by , which is a weakened adverb here without much significance of an adverb of degree.

Examples


老师

Without , comparison or contrast is often implied.

Example

老师

However, in answering an alternative question, may be left out.

Example

A:
医生
B:
医生

is used before the predicate for negation.

Example

A:
医生
B:
医生

PRONUNCIATION RULE: As said in lesson 6, when two third tones come together, the first third tone changes into the second tone, that is: 3rd + 3rd changes into 2nd + 3rd.

If more than two third tones are in succession, you can both:

1)Pronounce only the last third tone as so, while change all the others into the second tone, that is 3rd + 3rd + 3rd + 3rd changes into 2nd + 2nd + 2nd + 3rd
3+3+3+3 ---> 2+2+2+3

or

2)Alternate 2nd and 3rd tones so that the last third tone is pronounced as so, that is 3rd + 3rd + 3rd + 3rd changes into 2nd + 3rd + 2nd + 3rd
3+3+3+3 ---> 2+3+2+3

Example

pronunciation: wó hén hǎo

or: wǒ hén hǎo


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Lesson 23 of 360

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