Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 46

Lesson 46 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

一二三十四五六七八九你好吗请问您贵姓先生女士老师医百千万亿零〇两年月日号星期我免王李张很高兴认识不会说中文英汉语对起没听明白用怎么能慢点儿个位人爱他她它们是的早晚上下午再见妈爸哥弟姐妹子口马男朋友忙也都呢和律技来孩身体谢今天父母亲工作太陈黄周什林木胡古叫名字刚海军波大小卫兰京民清做留学博面包职员牙探险家守者艺术理发商农夫向导司机画杂货水手

It's time to review and fix in mind what you have studied. This lesson is step 1 of 5 of our review process. The following are all the characters you've studied till now, in the order you studied them.

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help


ATTENTION: When alone, before or at the end of a word or a sentence, it is pronounced in the first tone. When it precedes a syllable of the first, second or third tone, it is pronounced in the fourth tone. It is pronounced in the second tone when it is followed by a fourth tone.
Meaning Help
One
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èr
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Two
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sān
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Three
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shí
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Ten
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Four
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Five
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liù
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Six
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ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, as a non-compulsory alternative it can be pronounced in the second tone.
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Seven
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ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, as a non-compulsory alternative it can be pronounced in the second tone.
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Eight
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jiǔ
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Nine
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You
(singular)
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hǎo
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Good, fine
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ma
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Used at the end of a declarative sentence to transform it into a question
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qǐng
Meaning Help
Please
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wèn
Meaning Help
Ask, inquire
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nín
Meaning Help
You (indicating respect)
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guì
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-Expensive, costly; precious; honourable
-Your (term of respect used in polite expressions)
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xìng
Meaning Help
Surname (noun); one's surname is (verb)
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xiān
Meaning Help
-Earlier, before, first, in advance
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 先生 ("Mister")
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shēng
Meaning Help
-Used as a suffix to a few nouns indicating categories of people
-In this lesson it's the second character of the words 先生 ("Mister") and 医生 ("Physician")
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-Woman
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 女士 ("Ms, Miss")
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shì
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-Soldier; a person trained in a certain field
-In this lesson it's the second character of the word 女士 ("Ms, Miss")
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lǎo
Meaning Help
-Old
-Used as prefix:
1. addressing people to indicate respect;
2. indicating seniority level among brothers and sisters
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
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shī
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-Teacher; example; a person skilled in a certain profession
-In this lesson it's the second character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
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-[noun] Medicine; physician
-[verb] Cure
-In this lesson it's the first character of the word 医生 ("Physician")
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bǎi
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Hundred
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qiān
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Thousand
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wàn
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Ten thousand
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Hundred million
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líng
Meaning Help
Zero
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líng
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Zero (mostly used in numbers)
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liǎng
Meaning Help
Two.
is generally used before measure words.
Don't use .
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nián
Meaning Help
Year
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yuè
Meaning Help
-Month
-Moon
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-Day
-Sun
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hào
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Number; date
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xīng
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Star
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A period of time
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I; me
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miǎn
Meaning Help
Should not, not be allowed
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wáng
Meaning Help
-Wang, a surname (actually the n.1 most common Chinese surname!)
-King, monarch, emperor (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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-Li, a surname (the n.2 most common Chinese surname)
-Plum; plum tree (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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zhāng
Meaning Help
-Zhang, a surname (the n.3 most common Chinese surname)
-Open; magnify; measure word for flat objects, sheet (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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hěn
Meaning Help
Very
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gāo
Meaning Help
Tall, high; of a high level or degree
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xìng
Meaning Help
Excitement
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rèn
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Recognize, know
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shí
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Know; knowledge
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ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, it is pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
Used to form a negative
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huì
Meaning Help
[verb] Be able to (after learning)
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shuō
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Speak, say
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zhōng
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Centre, middle; in, among
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wén
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Writing; culture
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yīng
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Britain; English
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hàn
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Han ethnic group; Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)
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Language
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duì
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[adjective] Correct, right (anyway, in this lesson it's just the first character of the word 对不起)
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Meaning Help
In this lesson it's just the third character of the word 对不起
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méi
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[adverb] Used to indicate that an action or a situation did not take place or has not taken place
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tīng
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[verb] Listen
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míng
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-[noun] Immediately following in time
-[adjective] Clear, distinct
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bái
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[adjective] Clear; white
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yòng
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Use, employ
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zěn
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How, why
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me
Meaning Help
[affix] Suffix used in interrogatives, pronouns and adverbs
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néng
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Can
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màn
Meaning Help
Slow
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diǎnr
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[measure word] Indicates a tiny amount, a little, a bit, some
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diǎn
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Place, point (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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-r
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Nonsyllabic final "r" added to a word in spoken Chinese, also called erhua or erization
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ér
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Child, son
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Measure word used before nouns which do not have special measure words of their own (some nouns can be preceded by either it or other special measure words)
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wèi
Meaning Help
Measure word for people, indicating respect
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rén
Meaning Help
Person
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ài
Meaning Help
To love
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Meaning Help
He, him
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She, her
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It
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men
Meaning Help
Used to show plural number:
1. after a personal pronoun;
2. after a noun that refers to people
ATTENTION: It's not used when the noun is preceded by a numeral or an intensifier
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shì
Meaning Help
-[verb] To be
-This verb ties two things, indicating that they are identical or that the second explains or states the case of the first
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de
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[particle] Used between a modifier and a noun
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zǎo
Meaning Help
-[greeting] Good morning (until 8-9 a.m.)
-[adjective] Early, in advance, beforehand
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wǎn
Meaning Help
-Evening (after sunset)
-Late; coming late
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shàng
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Upper, up, upward (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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xià
Meaning Help
Down (in this lesson, is not used with this meaning)
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Meaning Help
Noon, midday
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zài
Meaning Help
Again
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jiàn
Meaning Help
See
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Meaning Help
Mum, mother
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Dad, father
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Elder brother
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Younger brother
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jiě
Meaning Help
Elder sister
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mèi
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Younger sister
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Son
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kǒu
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Mouth
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-Horse
-A surname
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nán
Meaning Help
Man, male
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péng
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Friend
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yǒu
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Friend
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máng
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[adjective] Busy
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Also
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dōu
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All
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ne
Meaning Help
Used at the end of an interrogative sentence to ask a question in connection with the preceding topic
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And, together with
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Law
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Skill, technique
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lái
Meaning Help
Come
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hái
Meaning Help
Child
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shēn
Meaning Help
Body
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Meaning Help
Body, part of the body
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xiè
Meaning Help
Thank
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jīn
Meaning Help
Now, today
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tiān
Meaning Help
Day
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Father
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Meaning Help
Mother
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qīn
Meaning Help
Parent
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gōng
Meaning Help
Work
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zuò
Meaning Help
Do, make; write, compose; writings, work
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tài
Meaning Help
Too; extremely; very
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chén
Meaning Help
-Chen, a surname (the n.5 most common Chinese surname)
-Lay out, put on display; stale, old (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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huáng
Meaning Help
-Huang, a surname (the n.7 most common Chinese surname)
-Yellow; pornographic (in this lesson, is not used with these meanings)
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zhōu
Meaning Help
-Zhou, a surname (the n.10 most common Chinese surname)
-Week
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shén
Meaning Help
First character of the word 什么 ("what"). Taken alone, it doesn't have any meaning.
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lín
Meaning Help
-Forest, woods, grove
-Lin, a surname
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Tree; wood, timber
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Meaning Help
-Moustache, beard
-Hu, a surname
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Meaning Help
Ancient, paleo-, archeo-
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jiào
Meaning Help
Call, name
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míng
Meaning Help
Name; famous
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Meaning Help
Character, word
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gāng
Meaning Help
Hard, strong
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hǎi
Meaning Help
Sea, big lake
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jūn
Meaning Help
Armed forces
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Meaning Help
Wave
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Meaning Help
Big
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xiǎo
Meaning Help
Small, little
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wèi
Meaning Help
Defend
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lán
Meaning Help
Orchid
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jīng
Meaning Help
The capital of a country
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mín
Meaning Help
The people
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qīng
Meaning Help
Clear, distinct
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zuò
Meaning Help
Do, work at; make, manufacture, produce
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liú
Meaning Help
Study abroad
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xué
Meaning Help
Study
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Meaning Help
Abundant; have a wide knowledge of
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miàn
Meaning Help
Wheat flour
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bāo
Meaning Help
Package, bag
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zhí
Meaning Help
Office, post, position
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yuán
Meaning Help
A person engaged in some field of activity
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Meaning Help
Tooth
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tàn
Meaning Help
Explore
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xiǎn
Meaning Help
A place difficult of access; danger
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jiā
Meaning Help
Family; home; a person or family engaged in a certain trade; a specialist in a certain field
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shǒu
Meaning Help
Guard, defend
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zhě
Meaning Help
Used after an adjective or verb as a substitute for a person or a thing
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Meaning Help
Art
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shù
Meaning Help
Art
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Put in proper order, clean up, tidy up
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Hair
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shāng
Meaning Help
Merchant; commerce
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nóng
Meaning Help
Agriculture; farmer
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Meaning Help
A person engaged in manual labour
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xiàng
Meaning Help
Direction
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dǎo
Meaning Help
Guide
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Meaning Help
Attend to, take charge of, manage
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Meaning Help
Machine, engine
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huà
Meaning Help
Paint, draw
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Miscellaneous, sundry
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huò
Meaning Help
Goods, commodity
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shuǐ
Meaning Help
Water; a general term for rivers, lakes, seas, etc.
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shǒu
Meaning Help
Hand; a person doing or good at a certain job

Description and Examples

Try to make a sentence with each character. If you just don't remember, go back to the corresponding lesson. I know, it's not easy... it's just like when you don't remember a Friend's name and you need to courageously and humbly ask her "I'm so sorry, can you repeat your name, please?"


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Lesson 46 of 360

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