Learn Chinese for Free—Lesson 99

Lesson 99 of 360

Today's Chinese characters:

东亚书久乐飞了事从伊伦但住信候克公兵写习几分利到刻前加化北升半华南印去只可吃同吧哪喝回国在地坐城堂多买婚官室察少尔就尼层岁差巴市常干度影往得德志怕想意愿房打找护报拉拿接提政教斯方时智电有本极楼欧比治法洋洲现班目直看睡知离秘空索结罗美肯范行西要视觉言谁警走路车边近还这进远道那里钟铁银长间院非音食饭鲁

This is step 4 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their radicals. Below you find the interesting "The Meaning Of" and "How To" tables!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
dōng
Meaning Help
East
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Short for Asia
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shū
Meaning Help
Book
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiǔ
Meaning Help
Long (time)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yuè
Meaning Help
Music
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Happy, glad; enjoy, find pleasure in
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fēi
Meaning Help
Fly
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
le
Meaning Help
-Modal particle used after a verb or an adjective to indicate the completion of an action or of a change
-Modal particle placed at the end of a sentence to indicate a change or the emergence of a new situation
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
Matter, affair, thing, business
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
cóng
Meaning Help
From
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Iraq"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
lún
Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese word for "Colombia"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
dàn
Meaning Help
But, yet
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhù
Meaning Help
Live, reside
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xìn
Meaning Help
Letter
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hòu
Meaning Help
Time
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Third character of the Chinese word for "Iraq"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
gōng
Meaning Help
International
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
bīng
Meaning Help
Soldier
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xiě
Meaning Help
Write
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Practise, exercise, review
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
How many
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fēn
Meaning Help
Minute
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Profit; wealth
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
dào
Meaning Help
Used after a verb as a complement to indicate that the action expressed by the verb produced results
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
A quarter (of an hour)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
qián
Meaning Help
Front
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiā
Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Canada"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
huà
Meaning Help
Change, transform, influence
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
běi
Meaning Help
North
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shēng
Meaning Help
Litre
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
bàn
Meaning Help
Half
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
huá
Meaning Help
China
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
nán
Meaning Help
South
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yìn
Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "India"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Go
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhǐ
Meaning Help
Only, just, merely, simply
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Can, may
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chī
Meaning Help
Eat
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
tóng
Meaning Help
Together, in common
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ba
Meaning Help
Used at the end of a sentence to indicate suggestion, request or command
Character Help
Pronunciation Help


Before measure words or before numeral-measure word compounds, it is often pronounced nai3 or nei3.
Meaning Help
Which, what
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Drink
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
huí
Meaning Help
Return
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
guó
Meaning Help
Country, nation
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zài
Meaning Help
-Stay
-Used to indicate time, place, condition, scope, etc.
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Place, locality
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zuò
Meaning Help
Sit, be seated, take a seat
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chéng
Meaning Help
City wall
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
táng
Meaning Help
A hall or room for a specific purpose
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
duō
Meaning Help
Many
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
mǎi
Meaning Help
Buy
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hūn
Meaning Help
Marriage
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
guān
Meaning Help
Government official, officer
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
Room
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chá
Meaning Help
Examine, observe
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shǎo
Meaning Help
Few
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ěr
Meaning Help
Used to transliterate foreign language names, such as Dell, Wal-Mart, Moldavia, and a lot of famous persons' names. So, what you only need is to remember its pronunciation.
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiù
Meaning Help
Exactly, precisely
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Used to transliterate foreign language names, such as Disney, Sony, Nikon, Manila, Trinidad, Nigeria, and a lot of famous persons' names. So, what you only need now is to remember its pronunciation.
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
céng
Meaning Help
Floor
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
suì
Meaning Help
Year (of age)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chà
Meaning Help
Wanting, short of
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Brasil"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
City
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
cháng
Meaning Help
Often, usually
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
gàn
Meaning Help
Do, work, attend to
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese word for "India"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yǐng
Meaning Help
Film, movie
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
wǎng
Meaning Help
Toward, in the direction of
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
děi
Meaning Help
[particle] Used between a verb and its complement to indicate possibility
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Virtue
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhì
Meaning Help
Records, annals
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Fear
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xiǎng
Meaning Help
Want to, would like to, feel like (doing something)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Meaning; wish; short for Italy
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yuàn
Meaning Help
Be willing, be ready
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fáng
Meaning Help
House; room
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Strike, hit, knock
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhǎo
Meaning Help
Look for
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Protect, guard, shield
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
bào
Meaning Help
Newspaper; periodical, journal
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese word for "Iraq"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese word for "Canada"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiē
Meaning Help
Come into contact with, come close to
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese name for "Marty"
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhèng
Meaning Help
Politics, political affairs
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiāo
Meaning Help
Teach, instruct
Pronunciation Help
jiào
Meaning Help
Teach, instruct
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Third character of the Chinese word for "Russia"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fāng
Meaning Help
Place, region, locality
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shí
Meaning Help
Time
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhì
Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Chile"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
diàn
Meaning Help
Electricity
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yǒu
Meaning Help
Have
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
běn
Meaning Help
Stem or root of plants; foundation
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Pole
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
lóu
Meaning Help
A storied building
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ōu
Meaning Help
Short for Europe
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Third character of the Chinese word for "Colombia"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhì
Meaning Help
Rule
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Law; method
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yáng
Meaning Help
Ocean
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhōu
Meaning Help
Continent
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xiàn
Meaning Help
Now
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
bān
Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese word for "Spain"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Eye, eyes
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhí
Meaning Help
Directly, straight
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
kàn
Meaning Help
-[verb] Call on, visit, see
-[verb] To direct the eyes on someone or something (look at, watch, see, read)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shuì
Meaning Help
Sleep
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhī
Meaning Help
Know
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Be at a distance from, be apart from, be away from
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Peru"—Careful, the other pronunciation is more important
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
kōng
Meaning Help
Sky, air
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
suǒ
Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Somalia"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jié
Meaning Help
Tie, unite
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
luó
Meaning Help
-Second character of the Chinese word for "Russia"—Choose a fun meaning!
-A surname (the n.20 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
měi
Meaning Help
Beautiful; short for America
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
kěn
Meaning Help
First character of the Chinese word for "Kenya"—Choose a fun meaning!
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fàn
Meaning Help
Model, example
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
xíng
Meaning Help
Do, perform; behaviour, conduct
Pronunciation Help
háng
Meaning Help
Business firm
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
West
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yào
Meaning Help
Must, should
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shì
Meaning Help
Look at
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiào
Meaning Help
Sleep
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yán
Meaning Help
Word, speech
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shéi

ATTENTION: This character can also be pronounced shui2 with the same meaning.
Meaning Help
Who
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jǐng
Meaning Help
Alert, vigilant; alarm, police
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zǒu
Meaning Help
Walk, go
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Road
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
chē
Meaning Help
Vehicle
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
biān
Meaning Help
Side
Pronunciation Help
bian
Meaning Help
Structural particle used as a suffix of a noun of locality
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jìn
Meaning Help
Near, close
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
hái
Meaning Help
Also, still
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhè
Meaning Help
This
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jìn
Meaning Help
Come or go into
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yuǎn
Meaning Help
Distant, far, remote
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
dào
Meaning Help
Way; method
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
That
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Third character of the Chinese word for "Somalia"
Pronunciation Help
li
Meaning Help
In, inside
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
zhōng
Meaning Help
Time as measured in hours and minutes
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
tiě
Meaning Help
Iron
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yín
Meaning Help
Silver; relating to currency
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
cháng
Meaning Help
Long
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
jiān
Meaning Help
Room
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yuàn
Meaning Help
-A designation for certain government offices and public places
-College, institute
-Hospital
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fēi
Meaning Help
-Used together with 不可 means "have got to, simply must"
-Short for Africa
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
yīn
Meaning Help
Sound
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
shí
Meaning Help
Food
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
fàn
Meaning Help
Meal
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

Meaning Help
Second character of the Chinese word for "Peru"—Choose a fun meaning!

Description and Examples

The meaning of: 你好!(Ni hao!)
Lesson 3

It means "Hi!", "How do you do?", "Hello!" It is an everyday greeting and is used at any time, on any occasion and by a person of any social status. The reply should also be "! (Ni hao!)".


The meaning of: and —Part 1
Lesson 4

and both mean "you". is used as an honorific appellation or respectful title instead of . It is normally reserved for old people or elders. To show politeness, you may extend its use to people of your own generation, especially at the first meeting.

Anyway, the usage of is not limited to informal speech. You can use it addressing your close friend as well as the President of the People's Republic of China.


The meaning of: 请问⋯
Lesson 4

It's a polite expression used to ask questions. It might correspond to "May I ask...", "Excuse me...", etc. followed by a question. For example:

  • (where is the hospital)?
  • (what's the time)?


The meaning of: —Part 1
Lesson 11

is used to form the negative of verbs, adjectives or other Chinese adverbial words. Its place is just before them.

Change of tone: normally is pronounced in the fourth tone, but when it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, it is pronounced in the second tone.

For example, before it is pronounced in the fourth tone, but before the tone must be changed into second.


Attention: this rule about the change of the tone is limited to the character .


The meaning of: 明早见!
Lesson 30

再见 (literally: again-see) means "see you again". Similarly, 明早 (literally: tomorrow morning-see) means "see you tomorrow morning".


The meaning of: 不太好 and 太不好
Lesson 33

Note the different degree of goodness - or badness - that is expressed by the following phrases:

: extremely good.

: very good.

: good.

: not very good.

: bad.

: very bad.

: extremely bad.


The meaning of: 他姓什么?
Lesson 35

It is used for asking another person's name. One shouldn't say: "?"


The meaning of: 你叫什么名字?
Lesson 37

It is used by elders when they want to know the names of young people or between young people. One may also say "什么?"

One shouldn't use it, therefore, when he wants to know an elder's name or when he needs to show respect and politeness to his hearer. Use "?" instead.


The meaning of: 张家和王家
Lesson 42

after a surname indicates all the members of that family. So, we would translate as "the Zhangs and the Wangs".


The meaning of: “您是⋯⋯”
Lesson 58

It means "Who are you?" (literally "You are...") The hearer should respond with her name or social status. Such a sentence is used only when a stranger has started to speak to you.

Caution: "?" is a rather impolite inquiry. So normally one avoids asking a stranger "?"


The meaning of: 请问,您哪位?
Lesson 66

This is another polite way to ask about the identity of a stranger who has started to speak to us, or call us.

Like what we said about "⋯⋯", the meaning is "Who are you?" and the answer should be the name or social status.


The meaning of: 几个人?
Lesson 68

At the restaurant is a very common inquiry and often is the very first thing they ask you, not even giving you the time to say

? means "How many people?"


How to say: How are you?—Part 1
Lesson 3

Just add (ma) to the greeting formula "!" (Ni hao!) changing it into a question!

How are you? ? (Ni hao ma?)

literally: You good

"?" (Ni hao ma?) actually differs from the English greeting "How are you?" in the way it is used. While the English "How are you?" is also an everyday greeting, in Chinese you should ask "?" (Ni hao ma?) only if you really want to ask about the state of health or condition of a friend.

If you just want to greet a person, in this free Chinese course we will study how to do that the Chinese way. In the meantime, it's fine if you just say ! (Ni hao!)

A little preview: In Chinese, a very common expression used to greet someone is "Did you eat?" (你吃了吗?Nǐ chī le ma?) that, I know, would sound strange if asked in English. The answer, in the English speaking world, maybe would be a surprised "Why?"

Well, it's the same if we greet a Chinese person saying "?" (Ni hao ma?) The reaction would be something like "Sorry, I don't understand, I was not ill, I didn't survive any car accident, why are you asking me how I am?!?"

Anyway, again, if we really want to ask a friend about her state of health or condition, "?" (Ni hao ma?) is the proper question to ask. Maybe we just need to move this expression from the "greetings" list to the "empathy" one.


How to say: What's your name?—Part 1
Lesson 4

This is probably the most polite way to ask someone's name. It shows respect, honour, esteem.

Please note that what is actually asked is only the surname. At this level of formality, there is no need to ask for the first name.


How to greet someone—Part 1
Lesson 5

你好!

You already know the simplest way to greet someone:

And, with a simple variation, you can also say:

But there are a lot of different ways to greet people.

先生好!

Today we can learn another one. We just need to replace the pronoun with the proper titles. For example, we could greet a woman the following way:

女士

And if she is a teacher or a physician, we could say:

老师
医生

On the other hand, if we want to greet a man, we could say:

先生


How to write and read years
Lesson 8

Simply write the number followed by and read every single figure.

NOTE: Number zero () can also be written .

All the following examples are correct:

2000

The following example is wrong:

ATTENTION: Cannot read , must read er4 líng líng líng , every single figure.


How to write and read months
Lesson 8

Simply write the corresponding number (from 1 to 12) followed by and read as normal.


How to write and read days
Lesson 8

Simply write the number of the day followed by or and read as normal.

is mainly used in written Chinese, while is preferred in spoken language.


How to say: What's your name?—Part 2
Lesson 9

In Part 1 we have seen that the polite way to ask someone's name is:

It shows respect, honour, esteem.

Well, to show the same respect and at the same time modesty, you should answer:

...followed by your surname. Your answer would mean that there is no need to define your surname as precious because it is not more precious than the others, showing that way respect and modesty.


How to ask questions—Part 1
With “吗”
Lesson 11

As we have seen in the case of “?”, an interrogative sentence is formed by adding the modal particle at the end of a declarative sentence, either affirmative or negative.

Example 1

Affirmative declarative sentence:
汉语

Interrogative sentence:
汉语

Example 2

Negative declarative sentence:
汉语

Interrogative sentence:
汉语

This is the most frequently used way of asking a question.


How to ask questions—Part 2
With “AA”
Lesson 11

The affirmative-negative question, or alternative question (often referred as AA question), is formed by juxtaposing the verb or adjective of the predicate and its negative form.

Examples

老师英语
老师


How to answer: Yes or No
Lesson 11

The most common way of simply and politely answering yes in Chinese is by repeating the main element (verb or adjective) of the question's predicate, or its negative form if you want to answer no.

Example

question: 中文

answer 1: 。 (meaning: Yes, I do)
answer 2: 。 (meaning: No, I don't)


How to ask questions—Part 3
With “怎么
Lesson 13

The pronoun 怎么 is used to ask about 1) a way or manner, 2) a state of affairs, or 3) a cause or reason.

Examples of asking about a way or manner.

老师英文怎么
“three thousand and five”汉语怎么


How to and when read 儿 as 'r'
Lesson 14

This is a feature, called erhua or erization, of Standard Mandarin Chinese.

When an erization occurs, is not pronounced as "ér" (an exception might be its pronunciation in lyrics for balance or euphony). It is just a phonetic notation suffix to indicate that the pronunciation of the preceding character must be changed by adding a final "r" sound.

For example, the pronunciation of is not "diǎn ér" but "diǎnr".

How do you know when is to be read "ér" and when not? Sadly, you cannot know if you don't first memorize which words are made of the suffix .

Just for you to know, despite being a rule of Standard Mandarin, in the south of China (including Shanghai) it is definitely unknown or completely ignored. It seems that a lot of people really don't like it!


How to say: The two of you
Lesson 16

你们


How to say: How are you?—Part 2
Lesson 16

When you address two or more people, you should say: "你们?"

你们


How to greet someone—Part 2
Lesson 19

你早!

It is an everyday greeting that is used when people meet each other in the early morning (until 8-9 a.m.). You can also only say "!"


How to say: How do you spell it?
Lesson 36

"Smith, ess em i tee aitch!" The surname Smith is made up of five letters. To clear up all doubt on how to write it, we just read it letter by letter. Chinese surnames (actually all Chinese characters) are not made up of letters, but of strokes, figures, parts. How can we ask to and actually "spell" a Chinese character? Chinese people "spell" a character in two ways:

  1. refer to the character's component parts;
  2. refer to words composed by that character.

Example 1

Question:
什么 hu2
That is: Out of those characters whose pronunciation is hu2, which one?
Answer:

That is: The character, whose pronunciation is hu2, that is composed by the symbols and .

Example 2

Question:
什么 míng
That is: Out of those characters whose pronunciation is míng, which one?
Answer 1:

That is: The character, whose pronunciation is míng, that is composed by the symbols and .
Answer 2:
明天
That is: The character, whose pronunciation is míng, that is contained in the word 明天.


That's all for today. I wish you like my website and go on clicking and clicking on its other sections! However, if you need personalized lessons and want to make your pronunciation perfect click here.

IMPORTANT: About the ads in this page, if you see something inappropriate please tell me immediately (even anonymously) clicking here.


Lesson 99 of 360

Thank you!

WearYourChineseName.com - By Giuseppe Romanazzi
Biaoyu Business Consulting Services LTD
Shanghai, China
Copyright © 2001-2021 All Rights Reserved
wearyourchinesename.com Home Page
| About Us | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Italiano English |


Chinese Lessons on WhatsApp?

Learn Chinese Online

WhatsApp:
Email:
Your online teacher